After Rammenau Palace, built in the second half of the 18th century, was transferred to state ownership in 1945 in the course of the land reform, the rooms were used from 1951 for school purposes, as a summer studio of the Dresden College of Fine Arts and until 1962 as a rural study home. Afterwards, a memorial room was set up for the philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, who was born in the Lausitz village of Rammenau. In 1967, a history museum was opened in the castle, and the Fichte room was expanded to include information on the castle's history. At the beginning of the 1990s, the entire complex came into the possession of the Freistaat Sachsen (Free State of Saxony) and became a state castle. The exhibition reveals Fichte's childhood and youth and demonstrates how his talent was discovered.